The Marmot Review Team prepared a paper for The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) on their Spatial Planning for Health Project.
Communities are important for physical and mental health and well-being. The physical and social characteristics of communities, and the degree to which they enable and promote healthy behaviours, all make a contribution to social inequalities in health.
The extent of people’s participation in their communities and the added control over their lives that this brings has the potential to contribute to their psychosocial well-being and, as a result, to other health outcomes.
It is vital to build social capital at a local level to ensure that policies are both owned by those most affected and are shaped by their experiences.