In November 2008, Professor Sir Michael Marmot was asked by the then Secretary of State for Health to chair an independent review to propose the most effective evidence-based strategies for reducing health inequalities in England from 2010.
The final report, 'Fair Society, Healthy Lives', was published in February 2010, and concluded that reducing health inequalities would require action on six policy objectives:
- Give every child the best start in life
- Enable all children, young people and adults to maximise their capabilities and have control over their lives
- Create fair employment and good work for all
- Ensure healthy standard of living for all
- Create and develop healthy and sustainable places and communities
- Strengthen the role and impact of ill-health prevention.
The full report and executive summary are available above. Related documents are available below:
- Framework of Indicators PDF
- Key Messages of 'Fair Society Healthy Lives PDF
- Presentation and the graphs from the full report PDF
- Background paper: a report of the qualitative findings from focus groups with deprived groups PDF
- economic analysis PDF
- economic benefits of health inequality reduction PDF
- overall costs of health inequalities PDF
To mark one year since the publication of 'Fair Society, Healthy Lives', the Marmot Review Team and the London Health Observatory produced baseline figures for some key indicators of the social determinants of health, health outcomes and social inequality that correspond, as closely as is currently possible, to the indicators proposed in Fair Society, Healthy Lives.
In February 2020 The Institute published with The Health Foundation: 'Health Equity in England: The Marmot Review 10 Years On', to examine progress in addressing health inequalities in England and to propose recommendations for future action.
We feel it’s the right time for the social determinants of health approach to become the foundation of global and local health policy. We've made significant in-roads, as we see politicians of all major parties in England, and practioners from all over the world embrace our evidence and plans for action. You can help us to build our capacity to do more by supporting us.