Health Inequalities Among Urban Children in India: a comparative assessment of Empowered Action Group (EAG) and South Indian statesJBS Paper
As India rapidly urbanizes, urban areas' socioeconomic disparities are rising and health inequality among urban children is an emerging challenge.
This paper assesses the relative contribution of socioeconomic factors to child health inequalities between the less developed Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and more developed South Indian states in urban India, using data from the 2005–06 National Family Health Survey.
Focusing on urban health from varying regional and developmental contexts, socioeconomic inequalities in child health are examined first using Concentration Indices (CIs) and then the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the CIs of health variables are derived.
Major contributors to health inequalities among urban children in the EAG states:
- parent’s illiteracy;
- poor economic status;
- being Muslim;
- and child birth
The results suggest the need to adopt different health policy interventions in accordance with the pattern of varying contributions of socioeconomic factors to child health inequalities between the more developed South Indian states and less developed EAG states.